Iran is an ancient empire with an extremely rich history. Hundreds of kings have ruled this kingdom over the course of history. An endless list of battles, victories and defeats has left Iran with one of the richest collections of royal jewelry in the whole world. The result of such magnificent and rich history is the museum of national jewelry. the most dazzling collection of gemstones and jewelry known in the world. A priceless collection of golden thrones, gems, diamonds and precious stones.

The collection is located in central bank of Iran in the heart of Tehran and it is open for public view.

There is no information about the quality and quantity of the treasuries before the Safavid period. It can be said that the recorded history of the Treasury of jewels began with the Safavid monarchs. In short, the history of the amassment of the present collection is as follows:
Before the Safavid dynasty, certain jewels existed in the government treasuries, but it was with the Safavid dynasty that foreign travelers (Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Chevalier Chardin, the Shirley brothers. George Mainwaring and others) began to mention these treasuries. The Safavid monarchs, over two centuries (907 to 1148 LH equal to about 1502 to 1735 AD), started to collect rare and beautiful gems. The gem specialists of the Safavid court brought fine stones to Isfahan, the capital of Iran at that time from the markets of India the Ottoman Empire and European countries like France and Italy.